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Is biology your favourite subject? Have you ever wondered why we look like our parents? Are you interested in studying the concept of genes? If yes, you should consider genetics as your career option.


We always tend to compare the children to their parents with respect to their looks, as in does, the child looks more like the mother or the father. This similarity between the child and the parent has a scientific reason, the genes. 

Genetics is the study of the heredity factor, which is transferred from a parent to their offsprings. Every child inherits certain traits, with few variations, from their parents like hair texture, eye colour, hair colour, height and skin colour.

There is also a high possibility that certain diseases or disorders are transmitted through the genes to the offsprings. Genetics is the study of such genes their distribution, behaviours and structure in the human body. 

There are various job opportunities in this field like the genetic counsellor, clinical researcher and research scientist. 


Example: James D. Watson, George M. Church, David Suzuki, Mario Capecchi, Francis Collins, and M. S. Swaminathan are few of the most famous geneticists in the world.

The concept of designer babies is developed and studied in the field of genetics. Here, particular genes associated with the disease are identified. Further, they are either altered or removed.

What are the roles and responsibilities in Genetics?


  • Genetic scientists in a clinical setting use their knowledge to guide and treat patients with hereditary diseases or disorders.
  • Genetic counsellors test patients for inherited conditions and advise them on possible treatments. Counsellors often specialize in one field, such as paediatrics or oncology.
  • The primary role is to plan or conduct basic genomic and biological research related to areas such as regulation of gene expression, protein interactions, metabolic networks, and nucleic acid or protein complexes.
  • Review, approve or interpret genetic laboratory results.
  • Evaluate, diagnose, or treat genetic diseases.
  • Maintain laboratory notebooks that record research methods, procedures, and results.
  • Write grants and papers, or attend fundraising events to seek research funds.
  • Attend clinical and research conferences and read scientific literature to keep abreast of technological advances and current genetic research findings.
  • Supervise or direct the work of other geneticists, biologists, technicians, or biometricians working on genetics research projects.
  • Collaborate with biologists and other professionals to conduct appropriate genetic and biochemical analyses.
  • Search scientific literature to select and modify methods and procedures most appropriate for genetic research goals.
  • Prepare results of experimental findings for presentation at professional conferences or in scientific journals.
  • Instruct medical students, graduate students, or others in methods or procedures for diagnosis and management of genetic disorders.
  • Evaluate genetic data by performing appropriate mathematical or statistical calculations and analyses.
  • Extract deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or perform diagnostic tests involving processes such as gel electrophoresis, Southern blot analysis, and polymerase chain reaction analysis.
  • Create or use statistical models for the analysis of genetic data. 

What are the key skills required for Genetics?

  • Analytical or scientific software
  • Critical thinking
  • Anatomy

What are the career opportunities in Genetics?

  • Biochemical Genetics Laboratory Director
  • Clinical Cytogenetics Director
  • Clinical Genetics Laboratory Chief
  • Clinical Molecular Genetics Laboratory Director
  • Laboratory Director
  • Medical Geneticist
  • Medical Genetics Director
  • Research Scientist
  • Scientist
  • Associate Genetics Professor

What is the salary and demand for Genetics?

  • Demand is Medium for Genetics.
  • Salary levels are Medium for Genetics. For fresher average salary is 3 to 4 Lacs.
  • Fees levels of the course is Medium. To pursue this course student need to spend 3 to 4 Lakhs.
  • Level of preparation for Genetics is High. Students spend more than 1 Year. to prepare for entrance test of Genetics.

1 Fees
2 Demand
3 Salary
4 Level Of Preparation

Career Videos for Genetics as a career curated from Youtube

What education is required to study Genetics?

  • Student can do 12th(Biology). Then complete B.Sc. (Hons) in Genetics . Further you can Proceed with M.Sc. Genetics . Further you can Proceed with Ph.D..
  • Student can do 12th Maths. Then complete B.Tech. Genetic Engineering. Further you can Proceed with M.Tech. Genetic Engineering . Further you can Proceed with Ph.D..

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What are the best colleges for Genetics in India?

For Graduation

  • The Oxford College of Science - [TOCS], Bangalore
  • Jyoti Nivas College - [JNC], Bangalore
  • St Ann's College for Women, Hyderabad
  • University of Lucknow, Lucknow
  • TSR and TBK Degree and PG College, Visakhapatnam
  • Loyola Academy Degree and PG College, Secunderabad
  • Bangalore City College - [BCC], Bangalore
  • Aurora's Degree College, Hyderabad
  • Nagpur Veterinary College - [NVC], Nagpur
  • Suresh Gyan Vihar University - [SGVU], Jaipur

For Post Graduation

  • Banaras Hindu University - [BHU], Varanasi
  • Indian Agricultural Research Institute - [IARI], New Delhi
  • Kasturba Medical College - [KMC], Mangalore
  • SRM University Kattankulathur, Chennai
  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University - [TNAU]-, Coimbatore
  • Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University - [ANGRAU], Hyderabad
  • Punjab Agricultural University - [PAU], Ludhiana
  • Indian Veterinary Research Institute - [IVRI], Bareilly
  • National Dairy Research Institute - [NDRI], Karnal
  • The Oxford College of Science - [TOCS], Bangalore